1.(H)/14 (2nd)

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1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (2d Formation)

Code: (5F + )

also as: 1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (Pz)


Formation and Training. (Nov 38 - Aug 39)

Formed 1 November 1938 at Zeltweg/Austria (ex-1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 18) with Heinkel He 46s. Transferred from Zeltweg to Köttingbrunn/Austria on 1 December 1938 and then to Bad Vöslau/Austria a few months later. The Staffel began receiving a few Henschel Hs 126s in early 1939.[1]

Polish Campaign. (Sep 1939)

26.8.39: Staffel at Bad Vöslau at the end of August. Only one source (Dierich) mentions 1.(H)/14 in connection with the campaign in Poland. Other sources incorrectly state that all of Aufklärungsgruppe 14 was still in training status during the campaign. The flight logs (Flugbücher) of a few pilots suggest that it is possible that some aircraft and crews were sent to Poland and attached to other Aufklärungsstaffeln.

8.9.39: 1.(H)/14 at Sillien (Žilina)/Slovakia in support of XXII. Armeekorps. (TsAMO 500/12452, Akte 673/85)

West - Phony War. (Sep 39 - May 40)

31.10.39: transferred from Bad Vöslau to Regensburg-Obertraubling, moved to Darmstadt on 14 November, and then to Limburg on 21 November and remained there until May 1940 engaged in routine duties and training.

Campaign West - Attack on France and the Low Countries. (May 40 - Mar 41)

10.5.40: Daun area/SW of Koblenz under Koluft AOK 12 for the attack on France this date with Hs 126s, and assigned to support 2. Panzer-Division through Luxembourg and South Belgium to Sedan (13 May), Abbeville (20 May), Boulogne (23-25 May) and Dunkirk (28 May). The second phase of the campaign took the Division and the Staffel across the Aisne River at Reims (9-11 June) to Vitry (13 June), Dole (16 June) and then to the Besancon-Belfort area along the French-Swiss border (22-23 June).

10.5.40: Hs 126 shot down by AA-fire on the opening day of the attack.

15.5.40: Hs 126 shot down by a Curtiss Hawk 75A over Signy l'Abbaye.

17.5.40: Hs 126 failed to return from a recce mission in the St-Quentin area.

19.5.40: Hs 126 failed to return (FTR) from operations over Flanders.

23.5.40: Hs 126 shot down over NE France - no details.

24.5.40: Hs 126 FTR from a mission - no details.

10.6.40: Hs 126 destroyed in a crash landing at Varvins (Varvinay/45 km SW of Metz?).

11.6.40: Hs 126 shot down over Rethel/NE of Reims.

7.40: Staffel based at Étrépagny near Rouen following the end of the campaign.

29.8.40: Hs 126B (5F+BH) damaged in a landing accident in N France, 40%.

23.12.40: Hs 126 crash landed near Beauvais, 20%.

14.2.41: aircraft in transfer through Kecskemét/Hungary to the Balkans.

6.3.41: rear echelon ordered to transfer from Étrépagny to Romania and then Bulgaria on or about this date.

Balkan Campaign. (Mar 41 - May 41)

9.3.41: Fi 156 force landed near Berkovica/Bulgaria, 100%. At least one source states that the Staffel was based at Craiova/SW Romania from its arrival until 11 March when it moved to southwest Bulgaria.

5.4.41: southwest Bulgaria under Koluft AOK 12 for the attack on Macedonia and Greece beginning the following day, and assigned to support 2. Panzer-Division/ XL. Armeekorps (mot) through Macedonia to Salonika (9 April), Larissa (17-19 April) and Athens (28-30 April).

6.4.41: Staffel flew multiple recce sorties along the Strumica Valley in South Serbia and Macedonia under Koluft AOK 12.

8.4.41: Hs 126A (5F+DH) shot down by ground fire near Kos.Mitrovica in western Serbia, 100%.

12.4.41: flew recce sorties over the Edessa area in northern Greece/80 km WNW of Salonika.

5.41: after the Athens area and South Greece were firmly in German hands, the Staffel departed at the beginning of May for Kitzingen near Würzburg to rest and re-equip. In mid-June 1.(H)/14 transferred to Cosina (Kosina), a field airstrip near Przevorsk in the Galicia district of SE Poland, where it joined up with 2d Panzer Division. The Division was en-route from Augsburg where it had been sent to rest and refit after the conclusion of the Balkan campaign.

South Russia and France. (Jun 41 - Sep 41)

6.41 – 7.41: 2. Panzer-Division and 1.(H)/14 were held in reserve in Galicia and did not take part in the 22 June 1941 attack on the Soviet Union or the subsequent fighting over the next six weeks.

8.41 – 9.41: at the beginning of August both were transferred to Royan in western France to counter suspected British plans to land forces in Portugal. The crisis soon passed, they were ordered back to Russia in mid-September.

Central Russia. (Oct 41 - Apr 42)

1.10.41: arrived at Seshchinskaya/40 km SE of Roslavl on or about this date and assigned to Koluft Panzergruppe 4 with orders to support 2. Panzer-Division along a line of attack Roslavl - Vyazma area - Gzhatsk - Moscow.

2.10.41: first day of Operation “Taifun” (“Typhoon”), the massive German offensive to take the Soviet capital - 1.(H)/14 flew multiple recce sorties in the Yelnya area/ESE of Smolensk.

6.10.41: still at Seshchinskaya - flew Hs 126 recce around Yelnya.

11.41 – 12.41: operating from Gzhatsk/NE of Vyazma, the Staffel lost most of its aircraft during the bitter fighting of November and early December as 2d Panzer Division advanced almost to the western suburbs of Moscow. Ordered to withdraw to Vitebsk around 4 December from its forward strip at Dshudovo, the non-aircrew personnel were hastily transformed into an infantry company and sent into the line around Velikiye Luki.

1.42 – 4.42: in the second half of January the non-flying personnel were ordered to Cambrai/NE France where the Staffel was to be reestablished with Fw 189s, while the original flying personnel remained in Russia. These plans were cancelled at the end of March 1942 and 1.(H)/14 was officially disbanded in mid-April, with its Stab element being used to form Stab/Nahaufklärungsgruppe 11. Most of the flying personnel were reassigned to Germany for retraining.


FpN:1.(H)/14 (L 33342).


Staffelkapitän:

Maj. Rudolf Eberhardt (  ? - Dec 39)

Oblt. Bues, (first name?) (  ? -  ? ) 5/40

Hptm. Gert Naumann (17 Aug 40 - 22 Nov 41)



Also see: ALLEXI, Josef, Lt.

BOTH, Gerd Maximilian Georg Dietrich von, Lt.

LIESENHOFF, Paul, Oblt.

LINDEMANN, Justus, Oblt.

LUNZE, Joachim, Lt.

MATTHES, Günter, Lt.

MAYRHOFER, Friedrich (Fritz), Oblt.

MEYER, E., Lt.

MITZELFELD, Theodor, Lt.

MUETZELFELDT, Dr. Karl Theodor, Lt.

MÜLLER, Erich, Lt.d.R.

NEUGART, Wilhelm, Lt.

ROTH, Gerd von, Oblt.

SCHREIBER, (first name?), Lt.

SCHRÖDER, (first name?), Oblt.

SINTENIS, Ernst, Lt.

STEUDEL, Wolfgang, Oblt.

STEYER, (first name?), Lt.

THOMAS, L., Lt.

WENDLER, Gerhard, Lt.

WENDLER, Hans, Lt.

WINTZ, Peter, Lt.

Stellenbesetzung 1.(H)/14 (Pz)


© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress). (1st Draft 2021)

References

  1. J.-P.Défieux - Répertoire des Unités Aériennes de la Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Reconnaissance Aéronavale (Nanterre, privately published, n.d. (c 1988-90?); K.Ries - Luftwaffen Story 1935-1939; Tessin, Georg, Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939: Altes Heer, Freiwilligenverbände, Reichswehr, Heer, Luftwaffe, Landespolizei; G.Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945, 16+ Bde., Teil 14: Die Luftstreitkräfte (Osnabrück, 1980); W.Dierich - Die Verbände der Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Gliederungen und Kurzchroniken – Eine Dokumentation; N.Kannapin - Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945; U.Balke - Der Luftkrieg in Europa: Die Operativen Einsätze des Kampfgeschwader 2 im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Teil I, p.398; C.Shores - Fledgling Eagles: The Complete Account of Air Operations During the ‘Phony War’ and Norwegian Campaign, 1940, pp.16-24, 180; F.Steinzer (ed.) - Die 2. Panzer-Division 1935-1945: Bewaffnung – Einsätze – Männer (Friedberg: Podzun-Pallas-Verlag, n.d. (c. 1982); BA-MA Freiburg: RL 2 III Meldungen über Flugzeugunfälle…..(Loss Reports – LRs); BA-MA Freiburg: Flugzeug-Bereitstellungen (Aircraft Availability Status Reports – FzB) in: M.Holm-website (ww2.dk); BNA HW 5/8; AFHRA Maxwell: decimal 512.619 British AirMin P/W interrogations, ADI(K) series, microfilm rolls A5400-05, interrogation ADI(K) 413/43; NARA WashDC: RG 242 (T-312 AOK 12 microfilms).

Aufklärungsgruppe 14

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