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1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 23

Code: (6K + )

also as: 1.(H)/23 (Pz)

Formation and Training. (Nov 38 - Aug 39)

Formed 1 November 1938 at Eschwege/40 km SE of Kassel (new) with Henschel Hs 126s.1

West. (Sep 39 - May 40)

1.9.39: ordered from Eschwege to Pferdsfeld/12 km NE of Kirn in the Rheinpfalz with 12 Hs 126s on receipt of the 26 August general mobilization order, and assigned to support Generalkommando (General Headquarters) Saarpfalz.

11.10.39: Hs 126 shot up and damaged by French fighters west of Zweibrücken, Oblt. Fritz Möller WIA.

23.10.39: Hs 126 B-1 hit by French AA-fire SW of Zweibrücken, 1 WIA.

11.39 – 4.40: Staffel activity and location not known, but probably remained in the same general area engaged in training and reduced operations due to the poor flying weather during the winter months.

West - Attack on France and the Low Countries. (May 40 - c.Oct 40)

10.5.40: Aachen area under Koluft AOK 6 for the campaign in the West commencing this date, and assigned to support XXVII. Armeekorps along the line of advance Aachen area - Liège - Namur - Lille - Dunkirk area.

12.5.40: Hs 126 shot down by a Hurricane over Liège, 100%.

15.5.40: Hs 126 shot down by a French fighter over Namur, 100%.

16.5.40: Hs 126 shot down by AA-fire over Namur, 100%.

5.6.40: Hs 126 shot down over Caceles, 100%.

22.6.40: after the armistice was signed on this date, the Staffel did not remain in France for long before it was ordered to the Vienna area to begin training with the 9. Panzer-Division.

Balkan Campaign. (Apr 41 - May 41)

7.11.40: a Hs 126 crew member was accidentally thrown from the plane and injured at Maria-Ellend, a small village just east of Vienna-Schwechat.

2.41: transferred with 9th Panzer Division to Romania at the end of February, and then to Bulgaria in March.

6.4.41: Bulgaria under Koluft AOK 12 for the attack on Yugoslavia and Greece this date, and assigned to support 9th Panzer Division along a line of advance from the Kr.Palanka area on the Bulgarian-Macedonian border - Skopje - Bitola - across the Yugoslav-Greek border - Larisa - Volos.

6.4.41: Hs 126 (6K+EH) failed to return from a recce mission over the Kr.Palanka area/ENE of Skopje, 100%, Hptm. Hans Hoffmann + 1 MIA.

19.4.41: Hs 126 (6K+AH) shot down by Hurricanes in the Lamia area, 100%.

20.4.41: at Servia/NE Greece.

5.41: transferred from northeastern Greece to Silesia on conclusion of the campaign, and then to southeastern Poland in June.

South Russia. (Jun 41 - Sep 42)

22.6.41: SE Poland under Koluft Panzergruppe l/Army Group South for the attack on the Soviet Union this date assigned to support 9th Panzer Division along a line of attack Tomaszow/SE Poland (28 June) - Tarnopol - Belaya Tserkov/Ukraine (16 July) - Kirovograd (9 August) - Krivoy Rog - Zaporozhye - Dnepropetrovsk (25 August and the encirclement battle around Kiev (September).

10.41: reassigned from 9th Panzer Div. to XIV. Armeekorps (mot)/1st Panzer Army, and advanced southeast for the attack on Rostov (November-December) and the assumption of winter positions along the Mius River in the vicinity of Taganrog (January - May 1942).

6.41 – 1.42: aside from the Carl-Hans Hermann history of the 9th Pz.Div., there are no loss report entries for the Staffel during this period or other resources available to determine its location and activities.

7.2.42: Hs 126 crash landed at Karakubstroi airfield (Crimea?), 30%.

1.3.42: Staffel reported 5 x Hs 126 B-1 on strength.

17.3.42: Hs 126 (6K+AH) shot down near Golobovka (Go1ubovka/60 km NE of Dnepropetrovsk?), 100%, Hptm. Ihno Kaster + 1 KIA.

4.42: assigned to Nahaufklärungsgruppe 1 on or about 19 April 1942.

31.5.42: Stalino area under NAGr. 1.

7.42: transferred from South Russia to the Reich in summer 1942 for conversion to the Fw. 189 and then renamed 1./NAGr. 13 in September or October 1942. One postwar source states that the conversion took place at Fp. St.-Brieuc in Brittany/France, but this cannot be confirmed. By 1 September this conversion was well underway, but the Staffel still had its Henschels. On this date it reported 2 x Fw 189 A-2, 8 x Fw 189 A-3 and 7 x Hs 126 B-1 on strength. The Henschels were turned in before the end of the month.

FpN:1.(H)/23 (L 16202).


Hptm. Günther Falk (Nov 38 - Jul 39)

Maj. Franz Nistler? (  ? -  ? ) 1938-39

Maj. Heinz Heinsius (  ? -  ? ) 9/39, 8/40

Obstlt. Richard Braun (1939? - 1940)

Oblt. Klein (acting?) (6 Apr 41 -  ? )

Hptm. Ihno Köster (  ? - 17 Mar 42) 5/41

Hptm. Herbert Rehfeld (  ? - Nov 42)

Also see:

BAULE, Rudolf, Oblt.


FRIEDRICH, Gerd (Gert?), Lt.

HACH, Felix, Lt.

HAGEN, Christ, Graf von, Oblt.

HEUCKE, Albrecht-Karl, Oblt.

HOFFMANN, Hans-Ulrich, Hptm.

JÄGER, Richard, Oblt.

KÜSTER, Karl Hermann, Lt.

MÖLLER, Fritz, Oblt.

MÜLLER, Kurt, Lt.

OSTEN, Ewald, Lt.

RAETZER, Willy, Lt. (same as Rätzer?)


RÄTZER, Werner, Lt. (same as Raetzer?)

ROLAND, Adolf, Oblt.d.R.

SCHEMM, Hans-Werner, Lr.d.R.

SCHULZ,  ? , Oblt.

SICHART, Horst-Ulrich. Von, Oblt.


STUMMEIER, Wilhelm, Oblt.

© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress). (1st Draft 2021)


Aufklärungsgruppe 23

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