2.(H)/14 (2nd)

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2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (2d Formation)

Code: (5F + )


Formation and Training. (Nov 38 - Aug 39)

Formed 1 November 1938 at Aigen/Austria (ex-2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr.18) with Heinkel He 46s. Transferred from Aigen to Köttingbrunn/Austria on 15 December 1938 and then to Bad Vöslau/Austria a few months later. The Staffel converted to Henschel Hs 126s during the first half of 1939.[1]

Polish Campaign. (Sep 1939)

8.39: Staffel at Bad Vöslau at the end of August. One source (Dierich) claims it supported XVIII. Gebirgskorps (Mountain Corps) across South Poland to Lvov.

8.9.39: 2.(H)/14 at Lomnica Volka in support of XVIII. Geb.Korps. (TsAMO 500/12452, Akte 673/85)

West - Phony War. (Sep 39 - May 40)

No information has come to light covering this period, but the Staffel’s transfers and activities probably paralleled those of 1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (see there).

Campaign West - Attack on France and the Low Countries. (May 40 - Mar 41)

10.5.40: Eifel area (Hastenrath near Aachen?) under Koluft AOK 12 for the attack on France and Belgium this date with Hs 126s, and assigned to support XVIII Mountain Corps through Luxembourg and southern Belgium to the Aisne River to the north and east of Reims. The Corps then turned south toward the Swiss border and ended the campaign in the Dijon area on 23 June, but whether the Staffel continued to accompany it is not known.

17.5.40: Hs 126 failed to return from a recce sortie over Flanders.

24.5.40: Hs 126 shot up and damaged over Laon/46 km NNE of Reims.

6/40 - 10/40: location of Staffel unknown.

30.8.40: Belgium – Northeast France area under Koluft AOK 16 in support of 10. Panzer-Div. and standing by for Operation “Seelöwe” (“Sealion”), the planned invasion of England.

21.10.40: Bücker Bü 131 belonging to the Staffel crashed on take-off at Hastenrath, 40%, 1 civilian passenger killed.

11.40 – 2.41: Staffel outfitted and tropicalized for service in North Africa, but where this occurred is not known.

North Africa. (Mar 41 - Apr 42)

5.3.41: all or elements had just arrived in Tripoli.

3.41: Staffel based at Arco on the Gulf of Sirte as part of the initial Luftwaffe contingent sent to Libya to support Rommel’s Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).

9.4.41: Bf 110 failed to return (FTR) from a recce sortie over N Africa, 1 KIA and 1 WIA.

4.41: Fi 156 (5F+YK) of 2.(H)/14 flew spotting missions ahead of advancing DAK tank columns.

19.4.41: 2 Hs 126s and 1 Ju 52 belonging to the Staffel destroyed in low-level enemy strafing attack on Ain el Gazala.

1.6.41: Hs 126 shot down by Hurricanes near Sidi Rezegh, pilot KIA.

12.6.41: Bf 110 E-3 damaged in accident at Fp. Leipheim/Germany, 45%, 2 injured. This aircraft was probably being picked up by a crew from the Staffel to be ferried back to North Africa.

13.6.41: two Fi 156 Störche assigned to the Staffel and en-route from Erding (near Munich) via Naples to North Africa.

14.6.41: Bf 110 shot down by fighters near Halfaya, crew captured.

15.6.41: Bf 109 shot down by four fighters 60 km S of Tobruk, pilot KIA.

19.6.41: Staffel based at Martuba.

24.7.41: Staffel now based at Derna.

10.8.41: Hs 126 flown by Staka Oblt. Heymer shot down by Hurricanes near Bardia, 100%, pilot safe.

11.8.41: crash landings at Fp. Martuba and more of the same on 14.8.41.

16.11.41: Bf 110 shot down by a Curtiss P-40 Tomahawk over Capuzzo while on a ferry flight from Martuba to Germany, Oblt. Fritz Strassner MIA.

25.11.41: Bf 110 shot down by fighters in the Sidi Omar area, pilot captured.

10.1.42: Bf 110 shot up by fighters near El Agheila, pilot WIA.

22.1.42: Bf 110 shot down by P-40 Tomahawks west of Marsa Brega on the Gulf of Sirte, Oblt. Freudenberger and crew captured.

2.42: Staffel at Martuba.

1.3.42: Staffel reported 3 x Bf 110 E-2, 3 x Bf 110 E-3, 6 x Hs 126 and 12 x Bf 109 E-7 on strength.

4.4.42: still at Martuba. Over the next several days all aircraft were handed over to 4.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 12, which arrived at Martuba between 1 and 4 April, and the personnel departed to rest and re-equip.

Germany. (Apr 42 - Nov 42)

4.42 – 11.42: after home leave for the personnel, 2.(H)/14 converted exclusively to the Bf 109 single-seat reconnaissance version, but where this took place is not known. Herzogenaurach/20 km NW of Nürnberg eventually became the main location for Aufklärungsstaffeln to convert to the Bf 109, but whether or not 2.(H)/14 went there is not known.

Tunisia. (Nov 42 - May 43)

13-15.11.42: numerous Staffel Bf 109E and F accidents at Bari, Reggio di Calabria and Trapani, indicating movement from the Italian mainland to Sicily in preparation for transfer to Tunisia.

20.11.42: Staffel identified at Tunis.

21-30.11.42: 2 Bf 109 F-4s (100%) and 7 more Bf 109s (40% - 90%) in the Tunis area, all ascribed to Allied fighters, AA-fire and crashes.

1.12.42: Staffel reported 11 x Bf 109 F-4/R3, 4 x Bf 109 E-7 and 1 x Bf 109 G-2 trop on strength.

4-5.12.42: 2 Bf 109 F-4 and G-2 accidents at Fp. Tunis-Aouina.

24.12.42: Bf 109 accident at Tunis-Aouina.

30.12.42: Bf 109 accident at Tunis-Aouina.

22.1.43: 3 Bf 109 F-4s (100%) and 4 Bf 109 F-4s (35% - 75%) in Allied bombing at Tunis-Aouina.

10.2.43: Staffel reported 5(4) Bf 109s based at Tunis-La Marsa/12 km NE of Tunis under Fliegerkorps Tunis, and 6(4) Bf 109s at Gabes in southern Tunisia attached to 4.(H)/12 and operating under Fliegerführer Afrika.

23.2.43: based at Tunis-Aouina.

1.3.43: Bf 109F shot down by a fighter in the Gafour-el Aroussa area, 100%, pilot safe.

2.3.43: Bf 109 F-4 shot down by a fighter in the Mateur-Beja area, Staka Hptm. Warmbold captured.

25.3.43: at Tunis-La Marsa.

29.3.43: 2.(H)/14 flew its 2,000th combat sortie this date.

3.4.43: Bf 109 F-4 overturned on landing at Tunis-La Marsa, 70%, Oblt. Kurt Genal killed.

10.4.43: Bf 109 G-1 shot down at Qued Zarga, 100%, pilot safe.

11.4.43: still based at Tunis-La Marsa.

21.4.43: Bf 109 G-2 FTR - no details, 100%, Oblt. Adolf Lötterle MIA.

25.4.43: Bf 109 G-4 FTR - no details, 100%, pilot MIA.

28.4.43: at Protville-North between Tunis and Bizerta - reported 13 Bf 109 G-2/-3s/-4s on strength under Fliegerkorps Tunis.

5.5.43: now at a fieldstrip near Korbous on the Cap Bon Peninsula.

Sicily and Italy. (May 43 - Nov 43)

20.5.43: having evacuated Tunisia, now based at Enna in Central Sicily and ordered to support Division Sizilien in the event of enemy landings.

1.6.43: Staffel at Spinasanta/c.3 km NNE of Gerbini (also known as Enna?). Recce missions since arriving on Sicily had mostly been over Malta.

2.6.43: Bf 109 G-4 FTR - no details, 100%, pilot MIA.

8.6.43: Staffel possibly also operating from Sciacca/SW Sicily for recce missions to Pantelleria Is. and to Tunisia.

10.6.43: Bf 109 G-4 shot down over Malta, 100%, pilot MIA.

5.7.43: Bf 109 G-6 FTR - no details, 100%, pilot MIA.

15.7.43: following the Allied invasion of Sicily on 10 July, Staffel transferred from Spinasanta to Scalea on the mainland/c. 175 km N of Messina.

22.7.43: ordered to transfer from Leverano on the Italian heel, where it had moved to a few days before, and operate from Reggio di Calabria.

26.7.43: at Scalea, but staging missions through Reggio; missions were mostly close reconnaissance for XIV. Panzerkorps, which had just arrived in Central and South Italy.

30.7.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down south of Catania/Sicily, 100%, pilot safe.

31.7.43: Bf 109 G-6 crashed SW of Ravenna/N Italy, 100%.

1.8.43: Staffel reported 2 x Bf 109 G-4 and 10 x Bf 109 G-6 on strength.

20.8.43: now based at Montecorvino near Salerno.

2.9.43: transferred to Montesano and there to 15.9.43.

4.9.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down over Reggio di Calabria, 100%, pilot MIA.

12.9.43: transferred to San Severo/28 km NW of Foggia.

15.9.43: transferred to Frosinone/c.60 km SE of Rome on or about this date.

20.9.43: Bf 109 G-6 crashed in the Avellino area, 100%, Oblt. Artur Mehl MIA.

22.9.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down by AA-fire NE of Potenza, 100%, pilot captured.

24.9.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down by fighters in the Muro area, 100%, Oblt. Günther Nabe MIA.

25.9.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down by a fighter near Frosinone, 100%, pilot safe.

4.10.43: Bf 109 G-6 crashed due to mechanical trouble at Frosinone, 75%, Staka Hptm. Schultze-Quentell injured.

5.10.43: Bf 109 G-6 FTR from recce in the Anzzano area, 100%, pilot KIA.

6.10.43: Bf 109 G-6 FTR in the Borghetto-Magliana area, 100%, pilot KIA.

7.10.43: transferred from Frosinone to Marcigliana on or about this date.

20.10.43: Bf 109 G-6 damaged in Allied bombing at Marciglinani (Marcigliana?), 75%.

22.10.43: 2 Bf 109 G-6s strafed by enemy fighters at Fp. Viterbo, 100% and 75%.

24.10.43: at Marcigliana.

2.11.43: Bf 109 G-6 shot down by a fighter over Lentella, 100%, pilot KIA.

12.11.43: 2 Bf 109 G-6s shot down in air battle near Cassino, 100%, pilots WIA.

12.11.43: Bf 109 G-6 damaged at Fp. Marcigliana by strafing Allied fighters, 25%.

15.11.43: Staffel renamed 1./Nahaufklärungsgruppe 11 on or about this date.


FpN:2.(H)/14 (L 13460).


Staffelkapitän:

Hptm. Otto? Heymer (  ? - Jul 42) 3/41, 6/41

ObIt. Ernst v. Weyrauch, acting (Jul 42 - Aug 42)

Hptm. Adolf Warmbold (Aug 32 - Mar 43)

ObIt. Ernst von Weyrauch (Mar 43 - Sep 43)

Hptm. Günther Schultze-Quentell (Sep 43 - 4 Oct 43?)

Hptm. Fritz Galland (4 Oct 43? - c.15 Nov 43)

© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress). (1st Draft 2021)


Also see:

2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 Officers

BLOCK, Alfred. (n.d.) Oblt., Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14.

EHLERS, Wolfgang. (DKG). (DOB: 03.12.13). 01.03.40 Beobachter in 1.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 21. 13.08.40 Hptm. Staka, 3.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 32 (still 03.41). 16.02.42 Hptm., awarded Ehrenpokal. 27.07.42 Hptm., awarded DKG, 4.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 23. 09.42 Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 14.03.43 trf from 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 to Luftflottenkdo. 5. 01.07.43 promo to Maj. 10.44 Maj. in SG 77.

FREUDENBERGER,  ? . 22.01.42 Oblt. in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, PoW – shot down in Bf 110 west of Marsa Brega on the Gulf of Sirte and captured.

GALLAND, Dr. Fritz. (DOB: 21.05.10 in Recklingshausen). 13.06.42 Oblt., in 2./JG 3. 01.07.42 promo to Hptm.(d.R./Fl.). 10.08.42 in 7./JG 5. 10.43 appt Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (to 11.43)? c.15.11.43 appt Staka 1./NAGr. 11 (and 01.44). 07.44 Hptm., appt Staka 3./JG 104 (to 02.08.44). 03.08.44 trf to JGr. 10 and then appt Staka in JG 111. 23.09.44 Hptm., appt Staka 1./JG 104 (to 28.04.45). Older brother of Adolf Galland.

GENAL, Kurt. (DOB: 17.06.18). 20.04.42 Lt. and Beobachter, awarded the Ehrenpokal. 01.05.42 RDA for Oblt. (Kr.O.). 03.04.43 Oblt. in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, KIA – in Bf 109 F-4 landing accident at Tunis – La Marsa on return from a mission.

HANTEL,  ? . 10.01.40 WIA, Oblt., in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14.

HASSELBLATT, Erich. (DOB: 01.10.17). 1940 Beobachter in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 01.10.40 promo to Oblt. 1941? Bildoffz. in 8.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 32. 01.10.43 promo to Hptm.

HEYMER, Otto?. 03.41 Hptm., Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (to 07.42). 13.04.41 awarded Ritterkreuz. 10.08.41 Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, shot down. [the two Otto Heymer entries are most strange – there is something definitely wrong]

HINSBERGER, Günter. (DOB: 06.03.16 in Saarlautern). 1941 in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. Last rank: Oblt.

HOLZAPFEL, Karl-Otto. (DOB: 11.09.15 in Tübingen). 1940 Beobachter in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 01.04.42 RDA for Oblt. (Kr.O.). 15.05.44 Oblt. and Beobachter, awarded the Ehrenpokal. 08.44 Oblt., appt Staka 2./NAGr. 11. 1945 Oblt. in I./EJG 1.

KUHNT, Eberhardt. 25.11.41 Lt., WIA and POW, 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14.

LÖTTERLE, Adolf. 21.04.43 Oblt.in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, MIA – in Bf 109 G-2 that failed to return from a mission over Tunisia.

MEHL, Arthur. (DOB: 15.04.15). 01.10.42 promo to Oblt. 20.09.43 Oblt. in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, MIA – in Bf 109 G-6 that crashed in the Avellino area in Italy.

NABE, Günter. 14.03.43 Oblt., trf from LKS 4 to I./NAG 102. 24.09.43 Oblt. in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, MIA – in Bf 109 G-6 shot down by fighters in the Muro area in Italy.

PICHLER, Norbert. 01.07.43 in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, promo to Oblt.

PLÖGER, Wilhelm. (DKG). (DOB: 30.07.13 in Münster). 1939-40 in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 12. 21.08.42 Oblt., awarded DKG, 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 26.08.42 Oblt., appt Staka Aufkl.Lehr-u.Erp.St. Jüterbog-Damm (to 14.10.42). 15.02.43 Oblt., appt Staka 3./NAG 102 (to 28.03.43). 29.03.43 trf to III./KG 101. 06.44 Staka 6./JG 300. 09.44 Hptm. and Staka in NJG 10.

PRIOR, Herbert. 08.04.43 Lt., 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14.

LÖTTERLE, Adolf. 21.04.43 Oblt.in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, MIA – in Bf 109 G-2 that failed to return from a mission over Tunisia.

RÜXLEBEN, Hans, Freiherr von. (DOB: 01.02.12). 01.09.41 RDA for Oblt.d.R.

SCHULTZE-QUENTELL, Günther. (DOB: 23.09.18). 01.08.40 promo to Oblt. 01.02.43 promo to Hptm. 28.05.43 in NAGr. 2, trf to NAGr. 12. 09.43 Hptm., appt Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (to 10.43 or 11.43?). 03.44 appt Staka 1./NAGr. 12 (to 27.04.44). †27.04.44. (to 27.04.44). 27.04.44 KIA - shot down by fighters 20 km SE of Scutari/N Albania.

STARK, Georg. (DOB: 20.01.12). 1940 Beobachter in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 01.02.42 promo to Hptm. 1944 in Nahaufkl.St. Kroatien. 30.01.45 promo to Maj.

STRASSNER, Fritz. 15.11.41 Oblt. in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, MIA – in Bf 110 shot down over Capuzzo/North Africa while departing on a ferry to Germany.

WARMBOLD, Adolf. 01.08.39 Oblt., in Aufkl.Gr. 22. 01.04.42 promo to Hptm. 08.42 appt Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (to 02.03.43). 02.03.43 Hptm., PoW – in Bf 109 F-4 shot down by a fighter in the Mateur-Beja area/Tunisia and captured.

WERNICKE, Gerhard. (DOB: 16.02.16). (DKG). 1940 Beobachter in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 12.04.43 Oblt., awarded the Ehrenpokal. 17.10.43 Oblt., awarded DKG, 4.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 12. 01.02.44 promo to Hptm. 05.44 Hptm., pilot and Stafü 1./NAGr. 12.

WEYRAUCH, Ernst von. (DOB: 16.01.18 in Marburg/Lahn). (R, DKG). 4 Dec 36 assigned to Artillerie Regt 35. 01.09.37 promo to Lt. 03.01.39 assigned to Gebirgs Artillerie Rgt. 111. 01.10.40 promo to Oblt. [1942 trf from the Heer to the Luftwaffe]? 16.02.42 awarded the Ehrenpokal. 07.42 Oblt. and Beobachter (observer), appt acting Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14 (to 08.42). 29.03.43 in 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14, appt Staka (to 09.43). 12.04.43 awarded the DKG. 01.07.43 promo to Hptm. c.19.12.43 Hptm., appt Staka 1./NAGr. 12. 31.12.43 awarded Ritterkreuz for prior service while Staka 2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 14. 06.01.44 trf to SKG 10 and may have served as a Staffelkapitän in I./SKG 10. †17.03.44 Hptm. and Staffelführer in Erg.St./SKG 10, killed in Fw 190 during a post-repairs test flight over Tours/France.

WROBEL, Gustav. (DOB: 09.04.08). 01.05.42 RDA for Oblt. (Kr.O./Fl.). (This may or may not be the right one).


Also, the following Leutnante on 30 May 1943:

Lt. Engels

Lt. Hinsberger

Lt. Larisch

Lt. Licht

Lt. Metz

Oblt. Meyer

Lt. Tornow

Lt. Zander


References

  1. J.-P.Défieux - Répertoire des Unités Aériennes de la Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Reconnaissance Aéronavale (Nanterre, privately published, n.d. (c 1988-90?); K.Ries - Luftwaffen Story 1935-1939; Tessin, Georg, Deutsche Verbände und Truppen 1918-1939: Altes Heer, Freiwilligenverbände, Reichswehr, Heer, Luftwaffe, Landespolizei; G.Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945, 16+ Bde., Teil 14: Die Luftstreitkräfte (Osnabrück, 1980); W.Dierich - Die Verbände der Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Gliederungen und Kurzchroniken – Eine Dokumentation; N.Kannapin - Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945; U.Balke - Der Luftkrieg in Europa: Die Operativen Einsätze des Kampfgeschwader 2 im Zweiten Weltkrieg, Teil I, p.398; C.Shores - Fledgling Eagles: The Complete Account of Air Operations During the ‘Phony War’ and Norwegian Campaign, 1940, pp.16-24; K.Ries - Dora Kurfurst series; J.Prien - Chronik des JG-53 “Pik-As”, Teil 2, p.836; Arthy, A., Thompson A. and M. Jessen – Rommel’s Eyes Over the Battlefield, Parts I and II; PRO London: DEFE 3 ULTRA signals QT6670, VM4851, VM7525, VM9180, ML539, ML2407, ML3420, ML7950, ML8443, ML9106, BNA HW 5/18, HW 5/20, HW 5/341, HW 5/380; PRO London: AIR 40/1996; PRO London: AIR 40 Air Ministry intelligence reports and lists based on ULTRA, “Y” Service intercepts, captured documents and PoW interrogations; BNA HW 5/9; AFHRA Maxwell: decimal K113 Karlsruhe Collection; AFHRA Maxwell: decimal 512.619 British AirMin CSDIC P/W Interrogation Reports in microfilm rolls A5415-18, interrogations CSDIC AFHQ A.37 and CSDIC AFHQ A.272; BA-MA Freiburg: RL 2 III Meldungen über Flugzeugunfälle…..(Loss Reports – LRs); BA-MA Freiburg: Flugzeug-Bereitstellungen (Aircraft Availability Status Reports – FzB) in: M.Holm-website (ww2.dk)

Aufklärungsgruppe 14

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