(Unit Code M9+)
Formation. (December 1943)
Germany, Romania, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Austria. (December 1943 - May 1945)
27 February 1944: at Würzburg completing conversion training and work-up. The Staffel received its first aircraft, 4 Bf 109 G-6s, during February and 12 more during March.
c.20 April 1944: transferred to Romania with Stab/NAGr. 14. After a brief stay at Roman/45 km north Bacău, according to unconfirmed sources, it moved to Bacău/240 km north-north-east of Bucharest. Assigned to provide tactical reconnaissance for AOK 8 (German 8th Army) along the front area north and north-east of Bacău.
May 1944: 3 Bf 109Gs were lost in action during May.
2 May 1944: Bf 109 G-6 shot down (or crashed?) 10 km W of Targul Frumos, Staka Hptm. von Holleben KIA.
26 June 1944: at Bacău/north-east Romania with Bf 109Gs.
19 August 1944: The Soviet offensive through Romania into Bulgaria and Hungary began this date and 5 days later German-allied Romania jumped ship and defected to the Western Powers, turning its armed forces against Germany. Facing overwhelming odds, the Germans began a hasty and chaotic retreat from Romania.
August 1944: 4 Bf 109 G-6s were lost in action during the month.
September 1944: the Staffel departed Bacău in late August and pulled back into Hungary through Transylvania. Görgenyoroszfalu/c.120 km E Kolozsvár is said to have been one stopover along the way until it departed there on 12 September.
3 October 1944: now at Szilágynagyfalu/87 km south-east of Debrecen in north-east Hungary under Stab/NAGr. 14 with 14(11) Bf 109Gs. October cost the Staffel 1 Bf 109 G-6 and 4 Bf 109 G-8s lost in action as it supported the general withdrawal into central Hungary in the direction of Budapest.
2 November 1944: at Ferihegy on the outskirts of Budapest with 10(8) Bf 109 G-6s and G-8s.
29 November 1944: now at Csákvár/46 km west-south-west of Budapest under Stab/NAGr. 14 with 14(11) Bf 109Gs.
December 1944: Budapest was gradually surrounded by the Soviets and sealed off; the city fell to the Red Army on 13 February 1945. The Staffel reportedly transferred from Csákvár to Veszprém/39 km south-west of Székesfehérvár during the month and remained there until March 1945, but this has not been confirmed. It is known to have made heavy use of Györ (Raab)/110 north-west of Budapest during this period so perhaps it operated from both airfields.
31 December 1944: 2./NAGr. 14 reported 1 Bf 109 G-6/U3, 2 Bf 109 G-6/R2, 4 Bf 109 G-8/R5 and 1 Bf 109 G-14 on strength.
2 February 1945: Bf 109 G-8 failed to return from a recce mission - no details, 100%,
4 February 1945: Bf 109 G-8 shot up by a fighter - no details, 35%.
12 February 1945: Bf 109 G-6 crashed at Györ (Raab) due to engine failure, 10%.
12 February 1945: Bf 109 G-8 shot down by ground fire west of Budapest, 100%, pilot MIA.
21 February 1945: Bf 109 G-6 shot down near Székesfehérvár/61 km south-west of Budapest, 90%, pilot WIA.
7 March 1945: Bf 109 G-6 failed to return from a mission, 100%, Staka Hptm. Göbel MIA.
11 March 1945: Bf 109 G-14 failed to return from a mission - no details, 100%, pilot MIA.
13 March 1945: Bf 109 G-6 failed to return from a mission - no details, 100%, Oblt. Wolfgang Niccolai MIA.
26 March 1945: at Györ (Raab) under Stab/NAGr. 14. A few days later the Russians drove the German and Hungarian forces across the border into Austria and opened their attack toward Vienna, which fell on 13 April after fierce fighting.
3 May 1945: now at Enns/Austria under Stab/NAGr. 14. A few days later Staffel personnel dispersed to their homes or surrendered to American forces.
FpN:2./NAGr. 14 (L 04758).
Hptm. Karl Schumacher ( ? - ? ) 10/43
Hptm. Hans Luitpold Ernst Ludwig von Holleben? ( ? - 2 May 1944) KIA
Hptm. Hermann Westdickenberg. (May 1944 – Dec 1944)
Hptm. Armin(?) Goebel ( ? - 7 March 1945?) MIA
© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress).
(1st Draft 2022)
- W.Dierich - Die Verbände der Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Gliederungen und Kurzchroniken – Eine Dokumentation; G.Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945, Teil 14: Die Luftstreitkräfte (Osnabrück, 1980); N.Kannapin - Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945, 3 Bde (I – III) (Osnabrück, 1980-82); NARA WashDC: RG 242 (Microcopy T-321 roll 10), BA-MA Freiburg: RL 2 III Meldungen über Flugzeugunfälle…..(Loss Reports – LRs); BA-MA Freiburg: Signatur RL 40/Kart; Luftwaffen-Revue journal, Heft (issue) 1/1985; M.Rauchensteiner - Der Krieg in Österreich, 1945. (Wien, 1984), pp.358; M.Holm-website ww2.dk.
- http://falkeeins.blogspot.com/2016/01/oblt-hermann-westdickenberg.html and BA via Junker (TOCH)