(Zagreb-City, Zagreb-Borongaj) – Capital of Croatia. Airfield is 5 km due E of the city center. (45 48 40 N – 16 02 15 E).
Description and History
Airfield with a take-off/landing run of 1,100 yds. (1,006 meters). Constructed in 1925-26 as a joint military-civil airfield, Borongaj had extensive facilities including 8 hangars, 5 workshops, underground fuel storage, 88 munitions storage huts, admin buildings and barracks.
Bombed by 28 B-17s on 22 February 1944 – 1 a/c destroyed, 5 wounded and the airfield damaged; most of the bombs fell in residential areas near the airfield causing heavy losses (228 homes uninhabitable). Hit again on 12 April by B-24s – more than a dozen German and Croatian a/c destroyed and damaged, 2 hangars destroyed and the airfield’s workshops, barracks and runway area heavily damaged.
Attacked by heavy bombers on 30 May – 3 Croatian a/c destroyed and 1 German and 6 Croatian a/c damaged. Strafed on 26 June – 4 a/c shot up and damaged.
Allied a/c dropped 300 heavy bombs and 100 fragmentation bombs on the airfield on 30 June but most fell outside the perimeter.
An estimated 120 B-24s bombed the city and airfield on 7 July – 6 a/c destroyed, 2 more severely damaged, a hangar, several buildings, the fuel storage dump and workshop equipment destroyed, and 30 craters put the runway temporarily out of service.
Fl.H.Kdtr. E 19/IV (1941); Fl.H.Kdtr. E 24/VI (1941 – 10.42); Fl.H.Kdtr. A 201/XVII (10.42 – 04.44); Fl.H.Kdtr. A(o) 111/XVII (05.44 – 04.45).
2.(H)/Aufkl.Gr. 13 (04.41); FFS A/B 123 (05.41 – 05.43); 15.(kroat.)/KG 53 (11.42 – 12.43); elements of St.G. 151 (1943); elements of S.G. 151 (1943-44); elements of NSGr. 7; San.Flugbereitschaft 5; elements of Luftbeobachtungsstaffel 7; numerous Croatian Air Force units.
© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress). (1st Draft 2008)
1) Air Ministry A.I.2.(B) airfield lists and profiles prepared by the Air Ministry Air Intelligence Directorate (hundreds of linear feet of documentation currently archived at the British National Archives (London), the U.S. National Archives (Washington) and the USAF Historical Research Agency (Maxwell AFB, Alabama).
2) Various, scattered references regarding airfields, station commands and air unit locations gleaned from the surviving Luftwaffe records at the Bundesarchiv-Militärarchiv, Freiburg im Breisgau, and microfilmed by the U.S. National Archives.
3) Hammel, Eric. Air War Europa – Chronology: America’s Air War Against Germany in Europe and North Africa 1942-1945. Pacifica (CA): Pacifica Press, 1994
4) Mattiello, Gianfranco. Fliegerhorstkommandanturen und Flugplätze der deutschen Luftwaffe 1935-1945. Osnabrück: Biblio Verlag, 2000.
5) Middlebrook, Martin and Chris Everitt. The Bomber Command War Diaries: An Operational Reference Book, 1939-1945. London: Penguin Books, 1990
6)Ries, Karl and Wolfgang Dierich. Fliegerhorste und Einsatzhäfen der Luftwaffe: Planskizzen 1935-1945. Stuttgart: Motorbuch Verlag, 1993.
7) Internet: numerous web sites in a variety of European languages offer additional information on individual airfields.