Aufkl. Gr. 123 1942

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1 Jan 1942 – On this date aircraft of 2(F)123 currently in Africa are ordered to return to Greece.[1]

1 Feb 1942 – Hptm. Armin Göbel appointed Staka 1(F)./123.[2]

15 Feb 1942 – 2(F)./123 sortie to Alexandria.

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
15 Feb 1942 2(F)./123 Ju 88D-1 4U+HK 1223 MIA north-west of Alexandria. Uffz Albert Mühlhaupt (F), Lt Hans Zenker (B) and two others KIA.[3]

9 Apr 1942 – 2(F)./123 sortie to Alexandria.

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
2(F)./123 Ju 88D-5 4U+JK 1541 Shot down by Hurricane of 213 Sqdn on Fleet patrol off Alexandria. Aircraft.[4]

27 Apr 1942 – 1(F)./123 sent one Ju 88 on a sortie to Bath plus anti-shipping reconnaissance in the Bristol Channel. [5]

29 Apr 1942 – 3(F)./123 sent a 1 Bf 109F-5 from Lannion which circled the Bristol and Bath area from 11.31 hrs. Drop tanks from this aircraft fell at Pill around 12.00 hrs. Photos were taken of Nailsea, Avonmouth and Bath.[6]

May 1942 – at this time Hptm. Hermann Palm was Staka of 3(F)./123.[2]

4 May 1942 – 3(F)./123 sent Ju 88 4U+EL (Ltn. Blenders) to light up Cowes (nr Portsmouth) – sortie startede at 22.13 hrs and finished landing at Creil at 00.24 hrs. 4U+EL sustained flak damage but no injuries.[7]

22 May 1942 – 17.57 hrs Ju 88 (Ltn Wichert) sortied from Lannion to England returning at 22.43 hrs.[7]

17 Jun 1942 – Photo recce by aircraft of 2(F)./123 of Alexandria Harbour revealed the following – 1 Battleship Queen Elizabeth Class in floating dock; 2 cruisers of Southampton class; 3 cruisers of Dido class; 1 cruiser of Aurora class; 1 AC cruiser; 14 destroyers (one of which in dry dock); 9 escort vessels; 4 submarines; 2 hospital ships (one of which aground); 4 passenger ships; 5 tamkers and 37 freighters.[8]

18 Jun 1942 – Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 sent by Fliegerkorps X on photo recce sortie to Quantara – Senke area.[9]

Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 14.00 hrs Z for an off-shore recce from Sidi Barani – Alexandria.[10]

19 Jun 1942 – 6 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 were sent up at 04.00 hrs Z for sea recce of eastern area, aircraft down by 08.00 hrs Z – convoy of 13 units including 6 freighters seen heading to Alexandria, presumed to be a convoy from Tobruck which had previously been sighted by Luftwaffe units on 18 Jun 1942.[11]

Also 1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 was sent off at 05.00 hrs Z for a photographic recce sortie covering airfields in the Sidi Barani – Fuka area.[12] Aircraft landed at 10.00 hrs Z.[13]

20 Jun 1942 – 2(F)./123 photograhed the following North African airfields – Sidi Azzeiz, Amseat, Sollum, Halfaya, Gasr El Arid (North and South), Bir Tashida, Amseat II, Zaweit El Hachina and Capuzzo. Tented ancampment south of Sollum and Halfaya Pass unchanged.[14]

6 JU 88 of 2(F)./123 operated at 03.00 hrs Z for sea recce of the eastern area. In addition a Ju 88 of the same unit landed at 05.15 hrs Z following a photo recce of the Sollum area.[15]

Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 14.20 hrs Z for an off-shore recce from Sidi Barani to Alexandria, the aircraft landed back at 18.00 hrs Z.[16]

21 Jun 1942 – 1 Ju 88 and 1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 landed at 09.30 hrs Z after performing a photo recce sortie covering the area Mersa Matruh to Alexandria. Mersa Matruh railway photographed. Accurate Flak experienced at Halfaya, Zigdin El Ahmar and Abu Misheifa.[17]

1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 left Gadurra (Rhodes) at 04.00 hrs Z on a sortie, landing at Kastelli at 10.00 hrs Z following and intermediate landing at Gadurra. [18] This aircraft photographed the south coast of Cyprus as far as Famagusta, airfields in the Nicosia area and troop concentrations at Karavostasi. Visual observation revealed no troop concentrations at Karavostasi.[19]

22 Jun 1942 – 2 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123 took off at 04.00 hrs Z to carry out photographic and visual reconnaissance of roads and railway from Sollum to Alexandria and or airfields from Sollum to Fuka. From visual recce the following was found – very heavy traffic moving east on the road Sollumto Mersa Matruh; very heavy railway traffic in both directions on the route Mersa Matruh – Abu Feidan; Abu Feidan – Sollum , no traffic observed.[20]

Other activity that day included additional sorties by 3 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123.[21]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 sent off at 14.30 hrs Z for off-shore recce of the North African coast from Sidi Barrani to Alexandria.[22]

23 Jun 1942 – 4 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123 in conjunction with aircraft of I./LG 1 took off at 04.00 hrs Z for a reconnaissance of the eastern area. [23]

1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 took off at 04.30 hrs Z on a photo recce sortie to the Quattara Depression. This aircraft landed at 05.30 hrs Z, sortie abandoned due to technical issues.[24]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 05.00 hrs Z on a sortie to photo the roads and railway in the Fuka to Alexandria area. Again this sortie was broken off due to technical issues.[25]

A Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 then took off at 09.00 hrs Z to perform the sorties that had to be broken off earlier – photo recce of the roads and railway from Fuka to Alexandria and of the Quatara Depression.[26]

Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 landed at 17.15 hrs following a photo recce of the road from Sidi Barrani to Fuka and the railway from Mersa Matruh to Fuka. A Ju 86 landed at 15.30 hrs Z after a photo recce sortie to the area from Qutaifiya to Burg El Arab. Another Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 landed at 18.30 hrs Z following an off shore recce of the North African coast from Sidi Barrani to Alexandria. [27]

24 Jun 1942 - 3(F)./123 sent a sortie from Lannion at 05.28 hrs up St Georges Channel, across Wales, down the Bristol Channel and across the Scilly Isles and back to Lannion at 10.44 hrs. This was a “first flight” for a newly constituted crew.[7]

2(F)./123 operated 3 Ju 88s from 03.00 hrs to 10.00 hrs Z on recce of the eastern area.[28]

1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 photograhed roads and railway from Mersa Matruh to Alexandria operating between 06.00 hrs and 12.00 hrs Z.[29]

In addition a Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 performed an off-shore recce from Sidi Barrani to Alexandria between 14.00 and 18.00 hrs Z.[30]

25 Jun 1942 – A Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 landed at 12.00 hrs Z following a photo and visual recce sortie of the roads and railway between Mersa Metruh and Alexandria, in addition it had a look at Alexandria Harbour. Results of the visual recce included – 3000 approx. motor vehicles between Mersa Metruh and Alexandria, mainly moving eas and El Daba railway station heavily occupied.[31]

A total of 3 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123 were despatched for recce of the “eastern area”. A further Ju 88 of this unit took off at 13.00 hrs Z on an offshore recce sortie covering the area between Mersa Metruh and Alexandria.[32]

26 Jun 1942 – 1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took of at 03.45 hrs Z for a photo recce sortie covering the area between Mersa Metruh and the Siwa Oasis.[33]

5 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 were up from 04.00 hrs Z on a sea recce of the “Eastern Area” - these aircraft had landed by 08.00 hrs Z.[34]

A single Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 04.15 hrs Z to perform a photo recce sortie covering roads, railways and airfileds in the area Mersa Metruh to El Alamein, the aircraft landed at 08.15 hrs Z. The aircraft photographed motor transport concentrations and field positions between El Alamein and the Qattara Depression. Constructions of field positions, facing north and northwest, was observed at Bir El Mukheisin as well as strong field positions on the chain of heights at Qattara.[35]

Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 landed at 10.10 hrs Z following a photo recce sortie of Alexandria Harbour and the seaplane base at Natrun together with the road west of the Nile. This aircraft was attacked by an Allied aircraft on the return leg of the sortie (the aircraft was believed to be a Spitfire) at approx 11300 m, an unexploded cannon shell was lodged in the cockpit and the pilot lost consciousness from lack of oxygen. However, he did succeed in returning to base on one engine. [36] [37]

A Ju 88, also of 2(F)./123, took off at 13.00 hrs Z for an offshore recce covering the area between Sidi Barrani and Alexandria.[38]

27 Jun 1942 - 1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 03.00 hrs Z for a photo recce sortie covering the area from Mersa Matruh to the Siwa Oasis.[39]

4 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123 took part in a sea recce of the “eastern area”, taking off at approx. 04.00 hrs Z.[40]

1 Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 took off at 04.30 hrs Z for a photo recce of the area between Alexandria and Cairo, it landed at 09.30 hrs Z.[41]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 landed at 18.15 hrs Z following a sea recce sortie that covered the area from Cape Kenayis to Alexandria.[42]

2(F)./123 had 3 aircraft serviceable out of 11 available.[43]

28 Jun 1942 – At 02.55 hrs Z a JU 88 of 2(F)./123 took off on a photo recce sortie covering the area encompassed by El Daba – El Alamein – Qattara Depression. The aircraft landed at 07.00 hrs having completed the assigned task.[44]

4 Ju 88s of 2(F)./123 took off at 03.53 hrs for a sea recce between 22 East and Alexandria.[45] This was completed by 08.45 hrs Z.[46]

A single Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 was despatched to photograph Haifa and Beirut, it was to use Gadurra as an intermediate landing ground.[47]

One Ju 86 of 2(F)./123 was required to photograph “construction” in the Nile Valley.[48]

29 Jun 1942 – 1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 02.30 hrs Z to photograph Haifa and Beirut.

2 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 were sent off at 03.30 hrs Z as part of the sea recce sorties to the “eastern area”.[49] One of these Ju 88s landed at 07.45 hrs Z having photographed Acre as well as Haifa harbour and oil depot together with Beirut harbour. It reported that from visual recce Beirut harbour was unoccupied. [50]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 was sent off, at 13.30 hrs Z, for an offshore recce covering the North African coast from Cape Kanais (Ras El Kanais) to Alexandria, this aircraft landed at 18.00 hrs Z having observed 4 patrol boats and a minesweeper off Alexandria Harbour.[51]

30 June 1942 – 2(F)./123 had 5 aircraft serviceable.[52]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 took off at 11.30 hrs Z on a sea recce in the area Beirut – Haifa – Port Said also making a photo recce of Beirut and Haifa harbours.[53] This aircraft landed at 18.00 hrs Z, the interpretation of the photographs of Haifa and Beirut included the following information:-

At Haifa – one escort vessel ; one guardship; 4 tankers; 7 freighters.

At Beirut – 3 small vessels; 5 freighters; one freighter off St Georges Bay.

Defensive AA at Haifa was reported to be inaccurate. This aircraft was pursued by two fighters from Haifa to Beirut. The sea recce intended for the route Haifa – Beirut – Crete was not carried out due to fuel shortage.[54]

1 Ju 88 of 2(F)./123 wa sent off at 13.30 hrs Z for a sea recce of the North African coast from Cape Kanais (Ras El Kanais) to Alexandria.[55] This sortie was abandoned due to technical issues and the aircraft landed at 16.45 hrs Z.[56]

12 Jul 1942 - 1(F)./123 sortie to the western part of the English Channel.[57]

24 Jul 1942 - 2(F)./123 sortie covering the area Haifa-Port Said-Alexandria.[58]

26 Jul 1942 – 2(F)./123 Met recce sortie ended north of El Alamein when the Ju 88A-5 was shot down by a Spitfire.Hptm Heinrich Beyziegel made POW.[7]

2 Aug 1942 - 1(F)./123 sortie to the south of the Isle of Wight.[59]

10 Aug 1942 - 2(F)./123 sent an aircraft on a reconnaissance sortie towards the Nile Delta.[60]

Ju 86P from 2(F)./123 from Crete possibly overflew fleet when Malta Spitfires were being flown off. [61]

23 Aug 1942 - Fw. August Fastenrodt and Ofw Alfred Nitsch flew on 2./123's 2000th combat sortie.[62]

9 Sep 1942 - 2(F)./123 sent a sortie out to the sea area off Port Said.[63]

10 Sep 1942 - 1(F)./123 sortie to the eastern part of the English Channel.[64]

7 Oct 1942 - 1(F)./123 sortie to the southern coast of England.[65]

19 Oct 1942 -3(F)./123 reconnaissance sortie to the east coast of England.[66]

28 Oct 1942 - 2(F)./123 lost a Ju 88D-1 (Wk Nr 430365) at Derna due to engine trouble.[67]

Nov 1942 – Maj. Walter Kaatsch appointed Staka of 2(F)./123.[2]

5(F)./123 formed at St. Pol.[68]

1 Nov 1942 - 2(F)./123 sent a sortie out to the sea area off Alexandria.[69]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
1 Nov 1942 2(F)./122 Ju 88D-1 4U+EK 430270 Lost Near Alexandria. All four crew killed – Uffz Alfred Kleinschmidt (F), Uffz Erwin Wagner (B), Uffz Albert Schwarz (BS) and Ogfr. Werner Bode (Bm).[70]
3 Nov 1942 2(F)./122 Ju 88D-1 430387 Crash landed at Mersa Matrouh due to engine trouble.[70]
3 Nov 1942 2(F)./122 Ju 88A-5 883068 Crashed into the sea due to engine trouble – crew rescued by Seenot.[70]
11 Nov 1942 2(F)./122 Ju 88R-1 860479 15 % damage sustained on landing at gadurra, Rhodes[70]

23 Nov 1942 – 2(F)./123 lost two Ju 88s as a result of a raid on Kastelli – Ju 88D-1trop (430324) 70% damaged and Ju 88D-2trop (880805) 95% damaged.[70]

1 Dec 1942 – 2(F)./123 lost a Ju 88D-6 on a test flight[70]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
1 Dec 1942 2(F)./123 Ju 88D-6trop 4U+YK 430097 Lost on a test flight from Kastelli. Aircraft destroed and crew killed.The crew were Oblt. Benno Biereye (F), Uffz Otto Höling (B), Uffz Fritz Fleischer (Bs) and a civilian Oskar Lindinger.[70]

20 Dec 1942 – 2(F)./123 despatched a new Ju88D-1 on a sortie to Port Said.[70]

Date Unit Aircraft Type Code Wkr.No. Notes
20 DEc 1942 2(F)./123 Ju 88D-1 4U+KK 430273 Lost on a sortie to Port Said. Aircraft destroyed and crew killed.The crew were Uffz. Hans Zweigert (F), Lt Hans Schulze (B), Uffz Heinz Dansaver (Bs) and Ogfr. Kurt Dabelstein (Bm).[70]



Links

Aufklärungsgruppe 123

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1939

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1940

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1941

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1943

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1944

Aufkl. Gr. 123 1945

Michael Holm's Luftwaffe 1939-45

References

  1. DEFE3/748 – CX/MSS/583/T1
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 ,Stankey and de Zeng – Career Summaries -Luftwaffe Officers 1935-45
  3. Shores et al – Mediterranean Air War 1940-45 vol2 p 187
  4. Shores et al – Mediterranean Air War 1940-45 vol2 p 200
  5. http://fishponds.org.uk/luftbri8.html
  6. http://fishponds.org.uk/luftbri8.html
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Gastanger/von Well – The Easter Bunnies.
  8. CX/MSS/1097/T19 MK7038 DEFE3/759 pg 47.
  9. CX/MSS/1095/T14, T15 and 1095/T21 DEFE3/759 pg 27
  10. CX/MSS/1098/T3,4,6,20,31,18 MK7074 DEFE3/759 pg 86
  11. CX/MSS/1098/T8, T11 MK7049 DEFE3/759 pg 60
  12. CX/MSS/1098/T8, T11 MK7049 DEFE3/759 pg 60
  13. CX/MSS/1098/T3,4,6,20,31,18 MK7074 DEFE3/759 pg 86
  14. CX/MSS/1102/T34 DEFE3/759 MK7150 pg 178
  15. CX/MSS/1102/T14, T29 DEFE3/759 MK7152 pg 181
  16. CX/MSS/1102/T1 and 2 DEFE3/759 MK7178 pg 210
  17. CX/MSS/1106/T8 DEFE3/759 MK7218 pg 255
  18. CX/MSS/1106/T8 DEFE3/759 MK7218 pg 256
  19. CX/MSS/1106/T8 DEFE3/759 MK7218 pg 256
  20. CX/MSS/1110/T11 DEFE3/759 MK7268 pg 316
  21. CX/MSS/1110/T11 DEFE3/759 MK7268 pg 317
  22. CX/MSS/1110/T20 DEFE3/759 MK7277 pg 328
  23. CX/MSS/1114/T33 DEFE3/759 MK7372 pg 433
  24. CX/MSS/1114/T33 DEFE3/759 MK7372 pg 434
  25. CX/MSS/1114/T33 DEFE3/759 MK7372 pg 434
  26. CX/MSS/1114/T33 DEFE3/759 MK7372 pg 434
  27. CX/MSS/1114/T2, T22, T25 DEFE3/759 MK7368 pg 429
  28. CX/MSS/1118/T17 DEFE3/759 MK7425 pg 496
  29. CX/MSS/1118/T17 DEFE3/759 MK7425 pg 497
  30. CX/MSS/1118/T17 DEFE3/759 MK7425 pg 497
  31. CX/MSS/1125/T4 DEFE3/760 MK7520 pg 23
  32. CX/MSS/1125/T6 DEFE3/760 MK7520 pg 28
  33. CX/MSS/1125/T10, T19 DEFE3/760 MK7543 pg 48
  34. CX/MSS/1125/T10, T19 DEFE3/760 MK7543 pg 47
  35. CX/MSS/1125/T10, T19 DEFE3/760 MK7543 pg 48
  36. CX/MSS/1125/T13 DEFE3/760 MK7572 pg 82
  37. CX/MSS/1127/T2 DEFE3/760 MK7573 pg 83
  38. CX/MSS/1125/T13 DEFE3/760 MK7572 pg 82
  39. CX/MSS/1129/T13 and T24 DEFE3/760 MK7619 pg 132
  40. CX/MSS/1129/T13 and T24 DEFE3/760 MK7619 pg 132
  41. CX/MSS/1129/T13 and T24 DEFE3/760 MK7619 pg 132
  42. DEFE3/760 MK7661 pg 176
  43. CX/MSS/1129/T35 DEFE3/760 MK7948 pg 484
  44. CX/MSS/1131/T17 and 19 DEFE3/760 MK7682 pg 197-8
  45. CX/MSS/1131/T17 and 19 DEFE3/760 MK7682 pg 197-8
  46. CX/MSS/1132/T40 DEFE3/760 MK7742 pg 261
  47. CX/MSS/1132/T40 DEFE3/760 MK7742 pg 261
  48. CX/MSS/1130/T7 DEFE3/760 MK7632 pg 146
  49. CX/MSS/1135/T31 DEFE3/760 MK7829 pg 352
  50. CX/MSS/1136/T1 DEFE3/760 MK7841 pg 365
  51. CX/MSS/1136/T1 DEFE3/760 MK7841 pg 365
  52. CX/MSS/1139/T12 DEFE3/760 MK7880 pg 408
  53. CX/MSS/1139/T23 – 1137/T9 MK7895 pg 424
  54. CX/MSS/1140/T7,10,15 MK7919 pg 449
  55. CX/MSS/1139/T23 – 1137/T9 MK7895 pg 424
  56. CX/MSS/1140/T29 DEFE3/760 MK7931 pg 462
  57. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  58. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  59. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  60. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  61. “Malta – The Spitfire Year – 1942” - Chris Shores et al.p469
  62. Chris Goss posting to TOCH 4 Jan 2009.
  63. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  64. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  65. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  66. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  67. Avions 108-110
  68. http://www.ww2.dk/air/recon/aufkl123.htm
  69. Kampforte (1st Verlustmeldungen) Offiziers Stellenbesetzung Aufkl.Gr. 123
  70. 70.0 70.1 70.2 70.3 70.4 70.5 70.6 70.7 70.8 Avions 108-110

Cornwell, Peter - The Battle of France Then and Now

Dierich, Wolfgang - Die Verband der Luftwaffe, 1939 - 45

Foreman, John - The Battle of Britain, the Forgotten Months

Goss, Chris - Do 17 in Focus

Green, William - Warplanes of the Third Reich

Griehl, Manfred - Strahlflugzeug Arado Ar 234 Blitz

Mason, Francis - Battle over Britain

Price, Alfred - The Luftwaffe Data Book

Ramsey, Winston et al - The Battle of Britain, Then and Now

Ramsey, Winston et al - The Blitz, Then and Now

Rosch, Barry - Luftwaffe Codes, Markings and Units 1939-45

Shores, et al - Fledgeling Eagles

Shores, et al - Air War for Yugoslavia, Greece and Crete 1940-41

Shores, et al - Malta – The Hurricane Years 1940-41

Shores, et al - Malta – The Spitfire Year – 1942



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