I/KG.z.b.V 1

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Formation. (Aug 39)

Formed 26 August 1939 at Gardelegen/Altmark by renaming KGr.z.b.V. 1 and then immediately transferred to Silesia to standby for the campaign in Poland.[1]


Campaign in Poland and the Occupation of Denmark and Norway. (Sep 39 - Apr 40)

1 Sep 1939: at Schönfeld-Seifersdorf/Silesia with 53 Ju 52 transports on strength.[2]

Sep 1939: stood by to provide airlift and supply support to Fallschirmjäger-Rgt. 2 through 12 September and then from 13 September it was mainly active in flying fuel and supplies in the Luftflotte 4 area in South Poland after airborne operations proved to be unnecessary. Returned to Gardelegen in the latter part of September and supported paratroop jump training until March 1940, when it was alerted for the forthcoming occupation of Denmark and Norway and ordered to move to Uetersen in Schleswig-Holstein.[3]

14 Jan 1940: Ju 52 ran out of fuel and force landed at Barth/Pomerania, 70%.[4]

19 Jan 1940: Ju 52 crashed while taking off from Gardelegen, 70%.

5 Apr 1940: Ju 52 damaged in a bad landing at Fp. Sachau/Anhalt, 45%.

9 Apr 1940: on the opening day of the campaign, ferried III./Inf.Rgt. 159 from Uetersen to seize and occupy the two airfields at Aalborg (Älborg)/Denmark.[5]


Attack on France and the Low Countries. (May 1940 - Mar 1941)

10 May 1940: Gruppe based at Werl/32 km ENE of Dortmund. On this opening day of the campaign, dropped c. 700 paratroops from II./Fallschirmjäger-Rgt. 1 on Moerdijk near Rotterdam in the initial phase of the airborne and air-landing assault on Holland. The Gruppe reported a total of 18 Ju 52s destroyed or severely damaged (over 60%) during this first day of operations in the West. [6]

23 Jun 1940: Ju 52 crashed at Birkenfeld/c. 40 km SE of Trier, 100%.

27 Jun 1940: Ju 52 force landed near Versailles in the Paris area, 40%.

17 Dec 1940: 1.St. Ju 52 force landed at Kamenz/37 km NE of Dresden due to engine trouble, 45%.

18 Dec 1940: Ju 52 caught fire when the engines were started at Fp. Jesau/East Prussia, 100%.

18 Dec 1940: Ju 52 crashed while taking off with a glider in tow from Fp. Lüben in Silesia, 20%.


Balkan Campaign. (Mar 1941 - Jun 1941)

23 Mar 1941: 2 Ju 52s flew into some mountains in northern Romania, both 100%, 5 KIA and 3 WIA.

5-16 Apr 1941: Gruppe transported elements of 22. Inf.Div. from Austria to Ploeşti/Romania.[7]

8 Apr 1941: 3 Ju 52s flew into cloud-covered mountains in NE Austria, both 100%, 7 KIA and 9 WIA.

26 Apr 1941: operating under the tactical control of Geschwaderstab/KG z.b.V. 2, airlifted paratroops from Plovdiv/Bulgaria via Larissa/E Greece to seize the Corinth Canal, west of Athens.[8]

14 May - 3 Jun 1941: during the airborne and air-landing assault on Crete, the Gruppe lost a total of 9 Ju 52s destroyed and 9 more damaged.

16 Jun 1941: Ju 52 ditched in the sea near Athens-Phaleron, 100%, crew rescued.

20 Jun 1941: Ju 52 force landed at Athens-Tatoi, 60%.


Germany and Russia. (Jul 1941 - Sep 1942)

8 Sep 1941: had just arrived at Belaya Tserkov/N Ukraine.[9]

25 Sep 1941: transferred from Belaya Tserkov to Bayreuth-Vilseck in Germany.[10]

28 Sep 1941: now at Riga/Latvia hauling paratroops and supplies into Fp. Lyuban/SE of Leningrad and evacuating wounded on the return flight.[11]

2 Oct 1941: 2 Ju 52s shot down in the vicinity of Fp. Lyuban, both 100%, crews bailed out and safe.

1 Nov 1941: reassigned to Luftflotte 4 for transport operations in South Russia this date.[12]

4 Nov 1941: in transfer via Tiraspol/W Ukraine to Zebrikovo/92 km NNW of Odessa and then to Zaporozhye/E Ukraine.[13]

14 Nov 1941: Ju 52 shot down by fighters near Butovka/E Ukraine, 100%, 4 WIA.

7 Dec 1941: rear elements at Hagenow/Mecklenburg.[14]

15 Dec 1941: Ju 52 flew into the ground near Mariupol/S Ukraine, 80%, 4 KIA.

26 Dec 1941: ordered to immediately transfer one Staffel to Smolensk-Stabna on the central sector of the Eastern Front for employment under VIII. Fliegerkorps.[15]

31 Dec 1941: Ju 52 force landed near Yukhnov/204 km E of Smolensk, 100%.

1 Feb 1942: He 111H-3 crash landed at Berlin-Gatow after one of its engines caught fire, 40%.

Feb -Apr 1942: I./KG z.b.V. 1 was not used fur the Demyansk airlift in North Russia, but rather was based at Wittstock and used by the paratroop school there for jump training.[16]

11 Apr 1942: transferred from Zaporozhye to Dnepropetrovsk.[17]

1 May 1942: Gruppe reported 29 x Ju 52 on strength.[18]

8 May 1942: 1.St. Ju 52 crashed at Fp. Parchim/Mechlenburg, 100%, 2 KIA and 2 WIA.

5 Jun 1942: Ju 52 crashed at Fp. Stalino/E Ukraine due to engine failure, 65%.

25 Jun 1942: Ju 52 (1Z+CH) shot down near Prokherovka (not located), 100%, 4 MIA and 2 WIA.

3 Aug 1942: Ju 52 crashed landed at Fp. Prague-Ruzyne, 15%.

19 Aug 1942: Ju 52 (1Z+FK) reported missing on a flight between Tuapse and Novorossisk in North Caucasia, 100%, 2 KIA and 2 MIA.

29 Aug 1942: based at Taganrog-South/60 km W of Rostov.[19]

10 Sep 1942: Fi 156 crashed at Fp. Bagerovo/E Crimea due to engine failure, 75%.

21 Sep 1942: Ju 52 crash landed at Fp. Tatsinskaya to the west of Stalingrad, 60%.

23-24 Sep 1942: departed South Russia and transferred to Hildesheim/Germany to rest and refit. On 29 October ordered from Hildesheim to Athens-Tatoi to transport fuel to North Africa following the beginning of the British El Alamein offensive on 24 October.[20]


North Africa and Mediterranean. (Nov 1942 - Dec 1942)

1 Nov 1942: Gruppe reported 51 x Ju 52 on strength.

9 Nov 1942: Ju 52 force landed at Fp. Athens-Tatoi due to engine failure, 100%.

12 Nov 1942: Ju 52 crashed landed at Fp. Derna/Libya due to ground fog, 60%.

14 Nov 1942: Ju 52 shot down by fighters in the vicinity of Tunis/Tunisia, 100%, crew safe.

17 Nov 1942: Ju 52 destroyed on the ground during a low-level Allied attack on Fp. Barce/90 km NE of Benghazi, 100%, 2 WIA.

18 Nov 1942: 2 Ju 52s destroyed in take-off and landing crashes at Fp. Maleme (Máleme)/Crete, 4 WIA.

18 Nov 1942: Ju 52 crash landed at Sidi el Magrun/75 km SSE of Benghazi after being shot up by a fighter and then destroyed by German troops to prevent capture, 3 WIA.

24 Nov 1942: Ju 52 rammed by another Ju 52 at Fp. Reggio Calabria near Messina, 20%.

10 Dec 1942: Ju 52 damaged landing at Fp. Castel Vetrano/Sicily, 30%.

11 Dec 1942: 2 Ju 52s (1Z+DK, GK) reported missing on a flight between Castel Vetrano and Tripoli/Libya, both 100%, 7 MIA.

14 Dec 1942: 3.St. Ju 52 flew into the ground on a flight from Marsalla to Trapani/W Sicily, 90%, 3 crew KIA, 4 Italian soldiers KIA and 6 Italian soldiers WIA.

21 Dec 1942: ordered to transfer from Athens-Tatoi and forward airfields in Sicily to Berlin-Staaken for several days of refit prior to onward movement to the Stalingrad area.[21]


South Russia and Germany. (Dec 1942 - Apr 1943)

25 Dec 1942: Ju 52 crashed near Padua/NE Italy en-route to Berlin-Staaken, 100%, 4 KIA.

29 Dec 1942: Gruppe began reporting losses in the Stalingrad area this date.

4 Jan 1943: Ju 52 flew into the ground in bad weather at Stalingrad, 75%.

8 Jan 1943: Ju 52 crashed while taking off from Basargino (not located), 100%, 3 KIA.

17 Jan 1943: 2 Ju 52s destroyed on the ground during a Russian air attack on Fp. Zverevo/85 km SE of Voroshilovgrad, both 100%, 1 KIA and 2 WIA.

19 Jan 1943: Ju 52 shot down west of Stalingrad-Gumrak, 100%, 4 WIA.

20 Jan 1943: Ju 52 (1Z+SH) failed to return from a flight to Stalingrad, 100%, 4 MIA.

23 Jan 1943: Ju 52 crash landed near Fp. Sverevo, 75%.

30 Jan 1943: Ju 52 destroyed at Fp. Sverevo, 100%.

1 Feb 1943: Gruppe reported 42 x Ju 52 on strength.

Feb - Apr 1943: whereabout unknown, but probably left Russia in early February and returned to (Hildesheim?) Germany without aircraft to rest, refit and re-equip. The Gruppe's aircraft availability returns for 1 March and 1 April show no aircraft on hand.

1 May 1943: renamed I./TG 1 effective this date.[22]


FpNs:

Gruppenstab (L 07675, L 38048)

1. Staffel (same as Gruppenstab)

2. Staffel (same as Gruppenstab)

3. Staffel (same as Gruppenstab)

4. Staffel (L 07675, L 38048, L 02058, L 50429)


Kommandeur:[23]

Maj. Dr. Max Ziervogel (26 Aug 1939 - 1939/40)

Obstlt. Friedrich Morzik (1939/40 - 31 Mar 1940)

Maj. Karl-Georg Witt (1 Apr 1940 - 30 Aug 1940)

Maj. Adolf Jäckel (31 Aug 1940 - 6 May 1941)

Maj. Otto Förster (7 May 1941 - Feb 1942)

Maj. Theodor Beckmann (Feb 1942 - Feb 1942)

Obstlt. Mäss (Maess) (Feb 1942 - Apr 1943)


© H.L. deZeng IV, 2003

Links

Stab/KG.z.b.V 1

II/KG.z.b.V 1

III/KG.z.b.V 1

IV/KG.z.b.V 1



  1. K.Ries- Luftwaffen Story 1935-1939; G.Tessin-Tes.
  2. U.Balke-KG 2/Teil 1:390.
  3. G.Tessin-op cit.
  4. BA-MA Freiburg: RL 2 III Meldungen über Flugzeugunfälle....(Loss Reports - LRs).
  5. C.Shores-Fledgling Eagles: The Complete Account of Air Operations During the ˜Phony War and Norwegian Campaign, 1940:227.
  6. J-P/Pallud- Blitzkrieg in the West Then and Now:119; LRs.
  7. [Kameradschaft Ehemaliger Transportflieger], Geschichte einer Transportflieger-Gruppe im II.Weltkrieg:180:57.
  8. F.Morzik-German Air Force Airlift Operations:116.
  9. BA-MA Freiburg: Signatur RL 20/281-84.
  10. RL 20/281-84.
  11. PRO London: AIR 40/1968 and 1979.
  12. AFHRA Maxwell: decimal K113 Karlsruhe Collection.
  13. AIR 40/1983 and 1988.
  14. K.Kössler-Transporter - wer kennt sie schon!: Die Kennzeichen der Transportfliegerverbände der Luftwaffe von 1937-1945:20.
  15. AIR 40/1982.
  16. F.Morzik-op cit.
  17. AIR 40/1968.
  18. BA-MA Freiburg: Flugzeug-Bereitstellungen (Aircraft Availability Status Reports - FzB) in: M.Holm-website (ww2.dk).
  19. AIR 40/1983.
  20. PRO London: DEFE 3 ULTRA signal QT4750.
  21. ULTRA QT9164.
  22. Document Lufttransportführer beim Gen.Qu. Abt. Ia Nr. 281/43 g.Kdos., dated 21.4.43, reproduced in: [Kameradschaft Ehemaliger Transportflieger], Geschichte einer Transportflieger-Gruppe im II.Weltkrieg:180; H.Boog-Die deutsche Luftwaffenführung 1935-1945: Führungsprobleme, Spitzengliederung, Generalstabsausbildung:25; K.Kössler-Transporter - wer kennt sie schon!: Die Kennzeichen der Transportfliegerverbände der Luftwaffe von 1937-1945.
  23. C.Zweng-Die Dienststellen, Kommandobehörden und Truppenteile der Luftwaffe 1935-1945/Bd. 1:41.