Nahaufklärungsstaffel 12./13

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Nahaufklärungsstaffel 12./13

Code:

also as: Nahaufklärungsstaffel 12.(H)/13 NASt. 12./13 NASt. 12./13 (Nacht)


Formation. (Nov 1942)

Formed approximately October 1942 at or near Orel on the central sector of the Russian Front (ex-Aufkl.St. 2.(H)/13). Equipped with Focke-Wulf Fw 189 reconnaissance types.[1]

Central Russia. (Nov 42 - Jun 44)

11.42: reconnaissance in the Dretovo-Kozelsk-Belev area 100-150 km N of Orel.

12.42: Orel area under NAGr. 15.

26.12.42: Fw 189 shot up by a fighter and force landed S of Ulyanovo, 25%.

1.43: recce along roads in the Bolkhov-Belev-Kozelsk-Ulyanovo-Sukhinichi area to the N of Orel.

2.43: armed recce with bombs in the Solotuchino-Maloarkhangelsk-Kosorzha area 70-100 km S of Orel.

1.3.43: Staffel reported 4 x Fw 189 A-1, 2 x Fw 189 A-2 and 2 x Fw 189 A-3 on strength.

11.3.43: based in the Orel area under NAGr. 15.

16.3.43: Fw 189 (4E+BK) failed to return from a recce mission, 100%, 3 MIA.

17.3.43: Fw 189 damaged during enemy bombing of Fp. Orel-West, 60%.

12.5.43: Fw 189 shot up by a fighter over Ulyanovo, 70%, Oblt. Lothar Rahn (observer) + 1 WIA.

3.6.43: Fw 189 shot up by a fighter in Planquadrat 7311 (Orel sector), 60%, Oblt. Otto Henzler (observer) WIA.

6.43: from June 1943, Staffel losses were reported under the NAGr. to which assigned (NAGr. 15, then NAGr. 10 and then NAGr. 15 again). See there, as these are usually a good clue as to the airfields being used by the Staffel. Staffel missions during June continued to be recce, night recce, armed recce and nuisance patrols in the Kozelsk-Sukhinichi-Kirov-Belev area N of Orel.

5-14.7.43: continued operating in the area to the N of Orel during the first 10 days of the German Kursk counteroffensive.

15.7.43: Orel area and still under NAGr. 15.

19.7.43: credited with spotting a large Soviet armored force attempting to break through the lines along the railway track between Orel and Karachev that allowed the Germans time to block it and destroy many of the tanks.

18-25.8.43: Staffel reconnaissance in the general vicinity of Sevsk/123 km S of Bryansk spotted an estimated 245 enemy artillery batteries with 707 guns and 24 Katyusha rocket launchers in positions that signaled the beginning of a massive offensive against AOK 2 (German 2nd Army).

9.43: reassigned from NAGr. 15 to NAGr. 10.

16.10.43: credited with spotting the formation of an enemy bridgehead on the Sozh River NE of Gomel that became an assembly area for an attack on the city of Gomel.

12.43: Fp. Kozinki/Fp.Bobruisk area under NAGr. 10.

1.3.44: Staffel reported 8 x Fw 189 A-3 on strength.

2.3.44: at Berezino/54 km SSE of Borisov under NAGr. 10.

12.3.44: trf from Berezino to Luniniec.

3.4.44: transferred to Brest-Litovsk with NAGr. 10.

Poland and Germany. (Jun 44 - May 45)

27.6.44: Brest-Litovsk - North under NAGr. 15.

28.6.44: Brest-Litovsk - North under NAGr. 15.

7.44: the Staffel set up a specialized Nachtkette 12./13 with 3 x Fw 189 A-2, 1 x Fw 189 A-3 and 1 x Ju 87 D-3, and then turn this over to NAGr. 4 in August when it was re-designated Nachtkette/NAGr. 4.

7.44: according to an unconfirmed account, departed Brest-Litovsk around mid-July as the Russians approached and moved across Poland to Nagłowice/72 km N of Kraków, making several short stops along the way.

10.44: now at Rakowice/N Poland ENE of Poznan under NAGr. 15 and still there in January 1945.

1.12.44: Staffel reported 4 x Fw 189 A-2 and 4 x Fw 189 A-3 on strength.

12.1.45: the Soviets opened their winter offensive along the Vistula this date and by the last week of the month the Luftwaffe began pulling many of their air units out of Poland and East Prussia, with NASt. 12./13 was transferred to Silesia.

28.2.45: Fw 189 A-3 shot up by AA-fire and crash landed at Fp. Görlitz in Silesia, 15%.

1.3.45: Fw 189 A-2 crash landed at Fp. Bautzen-Litten in Saxony, 10%.

26.3.45: at Bautzen-Litten under NAGr. 15.

9.4.45: Staffel reported 13(8) Fw 189s, Bf 110s and Si 204s on strength.

3.5.45: NASt. 12./13 (Nacht) at Josefstadt-West in the Dresden/Görlitz area under NAGr. 15 with (mainly) Fw 189s. The “(Nacht)" suffix suggests that the Staffel was assigned exclusively to night operations sometime before the end of the war.


FpN:NASt. 12./13 (L 26453).

Staffelkapitän:

Hptm. Kurt-Viktor Samwer (  ? - Sep 43)

Hptm./Maj. Hans-Egon Schlage (? -  ?) 1943-44

Oblt. Karl Wulff (1943 - 8 May 45)


Also see:

EMMINGHAUS, Albert, Lt.

HENZLER, Otto, Oblt.

RAHN, Lothar, Oblt.

RAMBACHER, Peter, Lt.

© by Henry L. deZeng IV (Work in Progress). (1st Draft 2021)

Additional Notes & Losses

22/23.3.45: 3 Fw 189s operated in front of 4. Pz. Armee and 17. Armee. 6 SD 70s were dropped on motor transport without seeing results. 144, 000 leaflets were also dropped.[2]

23.3.45:Staffel reported the following strength: Fw 189A 7 (6), Bf 110 5 (3) and Si 204 1 (1).[3]

23/24.3.45:2 Fw 189 operated in front of 4. Pz.Armee, 4 SD 70s were dropped on motor transport near Neusalz and south of Glegan(?). 62,000 leaflets were also dropped.[4]

27.3.45: Staffel reported the following strength: Fw 189A 7 (6), Bf 110 5 (4) and Si 204 1 (1).[5]

29.3.45: Staffel recorded as at Bautzen-Litten under NAGr. 15.[6]

2.4.45: Staffel reported the following strength: Fw 189A 7 (6), Bf 110 5 (4) and Si 204 3 (1).[7]

3.4.45: The summary of the Staffel’s operations for March 1945, issued by N.A.Gr. 15 recorded 8 Fw 189 combat reconnaissance sorties and 81 Fw 189 night reconnaissance sorties.[8]

5.4.45: Strength return for the Staffel was: Fw 189A-1/3 7 (5), Bf 110 3 (3) and Si 204 3 (2).[9]

6.4.45: Strength return for the Staffel was: Fw 189A-1/3 7 (5), Bf 110 3 (3) and Si 204 3 (2).[10]

6/7.4.45: 1 Fw 189 operated in front of 4. Pz. Armee – 2 SD 70 were dropped on a column of vehicles on the road between Liegnitz – Haynau. Successful bombing on vehicles north of Liegnitz.[11]

7.4.45: Strength return for the Staffel was: Fw 189A-1/3 7 (6), Bf 110 3 (2) and Si 204 3 (2).[12]

7/8.4.45: There were 8 Fw 189 sorties operated by this staffel in front of 17. Armee and 4. Pz. Armee. The following bombs were dropped:-

1. 2 SD 70s and 2 AB 70s on an enemy column near Sagan.

2. 2 SD 70s and 2 AB 70s south of Stettin.

3. 4 SD 50s on a battery that was firing in grid 52763.

4. 2 SD 70 near Liegnitz.

5. 2 SD 70 on a column near Sprottau.

6. 2 SD 70 near Striegau. Individual result not seen.

140,000 leaflets dropped.[13]

8/9.4.45: 5 Fw 189 sorties and 1 by a Si 204 operated in front of 4. Pz. Armee. They dropped 16 SD 70s on a column of vehicles in the Beuthen – Neustädtel area. They also dropped 77,000 leaflets.[14]

2 Fw 189s operated over the front of 17 Armee and 4. Pz. Armee – 1 aircraft aborted the mission due to a technical malfunction. 44,000 leaflets were dropped.[15]

10/11.4.45: 6 Fw 189 sorties in front of Pz. Armee 4. 16 SD 70s dropped on motor transport near Sagan, in the area around Schrau-Triebel and around Bunzlau. Good bomb results without seeing the overall effect.[16]

13/14.4.45: 3 Fw 189 operated in front of 4 Pz. Armee, 2 SD 70s were dropped on vehicles at grid square 52384.[17]

14.4.45: Staffel reported the following strength: Fw 189A 6 (5), Bf 110 3 (3), Si 204 4 (1).[18]

14/15.4.45: 2 Fw 189 operated in front of 4 Pz. Armee, dropping 84,000 leaflets.[19]


15.4.45: Me 110 claimed a Pe 2 in the area of grid 42731-52725 – fire observed.[20]

15/16.4.45: 3 Fw 189 operated in front of 4 Pz. Armee. 8 SD 70 were dropped on a motorised column on the road between Sprottau and Sagan and on individual moving vehicles to the NE of Görlitz. 1 Explosion was seen observed. The aircraft also dropped 218,000 leaflets. 1 aircraft had to abort the sortie due to engine problems.[21]

16.4.45: Veränderungsmeldung Nr. 2 zur Gliederung, Stand 16.4.45 recorded 12./13 having transferred to Dresden-Klotzsche.[22]

16/17.4.45: 3 Fw 189 reconnaissance sorties in front of 4. Pz. Armee. 10. 10 sorties by Fw 189s which using bombs and guns attacked motor vehicles, campfires, firing machine guns and artillery positions in the Triebel-Sommerfeld-Pförten-Forst area. Good results were achieved, individual results were not seen. In addition 96 000 leaflets were dropped.[23]

17.4.45: 12./13 reported 1 Me 110 destroyed; 1 Si 204 and 1 Fw 189 damaged.[24]

17/18.4.45: 4 Fw 189s operated in front of 4. Pz. Armee. 14 SD 70 were dropped on enemy motor traffic near Bunzlau (S Sprottau), SE of Weißwasser and on a firing enemy battery south of Prieous all without seeing the results. 90000 leaflets were also dropped. 3 aircraft aborted due to bad weather.[25]

18/19.4.45: 2 Fw 189s operating in front of 4. Pz Armee.[26]

19/20.4.45: 4 Fw 189s operating in front of 4.Pz. Armee. 2 SD 70s dropped on motor transport near 70693. 2 SD 740s dropped on a motor column on a road in the Schrau area. Direct hits on vehicles causing large fires and explosions to be seen.[27]

References

  1. G.Tessin - Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg 1939-1945, 16+ Bde., Teil 14: Die Luftstreitkräfte (Osnabrück, 1980); W.Dierich - Die Verbände der Luftwaffe 1935-1945: Gliederungen und Kurzchroniken – Eine Dokumentation; N.Kannapin - Die deutsche Feldpostübersicht 1939-1945; M.Rauchensteiner - Der Krieg in Österreich, 1945. (Wien, 1984), p.360; BA-MA Freiburg: RL 2 III Meldungen über Flugzeugunfälle…..(Loss Reports – LRs); BA-MA Freiburg: Signatur RL 40/Kart; BA-MA Freiburg: Flugzeug-Bereitstellungen (Aircraft Availability Status Reports – FzB) in: M.Holm-website (ww2.dk); NARA WashDC: RG 242 (T-311 roll 228/491); (T-312 roll 1292/904, roll 1304/885); (T-313 roll 157/044, roll 187); (T-321 roll 50/876); Archiv Gruppe 66 magazine, vol. 2/No. 7, p.23, Gen.Qu. Einsatzbereitschaft tables.
  2. T321 R50 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797315 - Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 22/23.3.45
  3. T321 R50 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797356 - Meldung vom 23.3.45
  4. T321 R50 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797234 - Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 23/24.3.45
  5. T321 R50 Luftflotte 6 frame 4796926 - Meldung vom 27.3.45
  6. T321 R50 Luftflotte 6 frame 4796876 – Einsatzmäßige Gliederung der flg. Verbände des Lft.Kdo.6
  7. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798096 (pg 0685) – Meldung vom 2.4.45
  8. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798096 (pg 0685) – Meldung vom 2.4.45
  9. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798096 (pg 0685) – Meldung vom 2.4.45
  10. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798753 (pg 1342) – Meldung vom 6.4.45
  11. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798581 (pg 1170) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 6/7.4.45
  12. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798607 (pg 1196) – Meldung vom 7.4.45
  13. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798475 (pg 1064) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 7/8.4.45
  14. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798306 (pg 0895) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 8/9.4.45
  15. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798312 (pg 0901) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 8/9.4.45
  16. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4798185 (pg 0773) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 10/11.4.45
  17. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797815 (pg 0404) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 13/14.4.45
  18. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797858 (pg 0447) – Meldung vom 14.4.45 18.00 Uhrs.
  19. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797784 (pg 0373) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 14/15.4.45
  20. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797776 (pg 0365) – Tagesabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 15.4.45
  21. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797737 (pg 0326) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 15/16.4.45
  22. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797559 (pg 0148) - Veränderungsmeldung Nr. 2 zur Gliederung, Stand 16.4.45 – 18.4.45.
  23. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797649 (pg 0238) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 16/17.4.45
  24. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797646 (pg 0235) – Tagesabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 17.4.45
  25. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797556 (pg 0145) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 17/18.4.45
  26. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797496 (pg 0085) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 18/19.4.45
  27. T321 R51 Luftflotte 6 frame 4797417 (pg 0006) – Nachtabschlußmeldung Lfl. Kdo. 6 19/20.4.45

Aufklärungsgruppe 13

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